Non-Surgical Osteoarthritis Treatments
Osteoarthritis is the most common form of degenerative joint disease. This slowly-developing condition affects the cartilage, joint lining, ligaments, and bones that make up a joint. Joints affected by Osteoarthritis will experience a slow breakdown of cartilage, varying levels of inflammation, deterioration of tendons and ligaments, and changes regarding the bony structure of the joint.
Osteoarthritis symptoms include joint pain and stiffness, hard swelling, grinding noises upon movement, and a decreased range of motion.
Osteoarthritis occurs when the cushiony cartilage in a given joint breaks down, causing the bones to painfully rub together. If the bones continue to rub together for too long without treatment, it can cause the bones to change shape and get larger (joint deformity). Osteoarthritis is the leading cause of disability in adults aged 50 and over. Joints that are commonly affected by osteoarthritis are the hips, knees, shoulders, elbows, and joints in the hands.